Citizenship and Immigration Canada reopened the Program for Sponsoring Parents and Grandparents on January 1, 2015. Currently, there is a cap of 5,000 applications that will be accepted. Our Ottawa immigration lawyers at Gerami Law PC have the experience to assist you with a timely preparation and filing through this process by:
- Assisting you in gathering all the relevant documents and evidence required for application
- Reviewing and completing the necessary forms
- Preparing legal submissions to CIC on your behalf to accurately communicate your situation to the immigration officials
If you are a citizen or permanent resident of Canada, you may be able to sponsor your parent or grandparent to become a permanent resident under the Family Class (FC). However, sponsoring your parent or grandparent requires you to make every reasonable effort to provide for your own essential needs and those of your parent or grandparent. You are responsible for supporting your parent or grandparent financially when he or she arrives, and you must make sure your parent or grandparent does not need to seek social assistance from the government.
This process, like the other family sponsorship categories, is a two-step process, where the person wishing to sponsor his or her parents or grandparents applies first and is evaluated as a sponsor. As soon as a decision has been reached on the sponsorship application, the applicant will be notified. If the decision is positive, the parents or grandparents will then apply for permanent residency.
Applicants for permanent residence must go through medical, criminal and background checks. An applicant with a criminal record may not be allowed to enter Canada. People who pose a risk to Canada’s security are also not allowed to enter Canada. An applicant may have to provide a certificate from police authorities in the home country. Medical, criminal and background checks are explained in the application kit.
ELIGIBILITY TO SPONSOR YOUR PARENTS OR GRANDPARENTS IN CANADA
You may not be eligible to sponsor your parent or grandparent if:
- failed to provide the financial support you agreed to when you signed a sponsorship agreement to sponsor another relative in the past
- defaulted on a court-ordered support order, such as alimony or child support
- received government financial assistance for reasons other than a disability
- were convicted of a violent criminal offence, any offence against a relative or any sexual offence—depending on circumstances, such as
- the nature of the offence, how long ago it occurred and whether a record suspension (formerly called “pardons” in Canada), was issued
defaulted on an immigration loan—late or missed payments
- are in prison or
- have declared bankruptcy and have not been released from it yet.
When you sponsor a parent or grandparent to become a permanent resident of Canada, you must make a promise to support that person and their dependents financially. Therefore, you have to meet certain income requirements. If you have previously sponsored relatives who later turned to the Canadian government for financial assistance, you may not be allowed to sponsor another person
LEGAL OBLIGATIONS OF A SPONSOR:
You and the sponsored relative must sign a sponsorship agreement that commits you to provide financial support for your relative if necessary. This agreement also states that the person becoming a permanent resident will make every effort to support themselves. Dependent children under age 22 do not have to sign this agreement. Quebec residents must sign an “undertaking” with the province of Quebec—a contract binding the sponsorship.
You must promise to provide financial support for the relative and any other eligible relatives accompanying them for a period of three to ten years, depending on their age and relationship to you. This time period begins on the date they become a permanent resident.
If you live in Quebec, you must also meet Quebec’s immigration sponsorship requirements after Citizenship and Immigration Canada approves you as a sponsor.